Biotechnology is a broad discipline in which biological processes, organisms, cells, or cellular components are exploited to develop new technologies. New tools and products developed by biotechnologists are useful in research, agriculture, industry, and the clinic.
Biotechnology is one of the branches of Biology that harnesses cellular and biomolecular methods to develop products and technologies that help improve our lives and the overall health of the planet. The concept of this field dates back to the times when biological processes of microorganisms were utilized to make and store useful dairy products such as cheese and bread. But how far has this reached? With the growth in Genetic Engineering and the advancement of research in Biotechnology, the scope of altering DNA to change the characteristics and functions of organisms has increased the chances of finding new alternatives. Not just this, Biotechnology has spread to different disciplines like Biochemistry, Genetics, Molecular Biotechnology, etc; where new discoveries are being made through this natural science field.